The beauty and vivacity of Bhutan's traditional intangible cultural heritage are in evidence throughout the land - in its dzongs and monasteries, its textiles and paintings, its rituals and traditions. Transmitters and practitioners maintain age-old customs, passed down through generations of oral and written accounts, to keep the rich tradition alive.
The traditional skills are categorized as the zorig chusum. Zo meaning the ability to make, rig meaning science or craft and chusum meaning thirteen. It is believed that the zorig chusum was codified during the rule of Tenzin Rabgye (1680-94), the 4th Desi (secular ruler).