Mashru Weaving of Gujarat

Mashru Weaving of Gujarat

Mashru is a mixed fabric, comprising a combination of cotton and silk. It was used mainly by Muslim men, who were prohibited from wearing pure silk. It was woven all over India but the craft is now practised mainly in Gujarat. Mashru combines ikat patterns in stripes along with woven patterns, through the introduction of extra warp threads by depression of the warp threads. It is woven on a pit loom. Patan is one of the most important centres for the weaving. The weavers of Mandavi and Surat are known for their fine-quality weaves and patterns, used often by the tribal women of Sourashtra and Kutch for their cholis or blouses.

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