Paithan (near Aurungabad) in Maharashtra is the home of the paithan sari, an extremely rich silk and zari sari. This traditional sari also represents a very old weaving tradition. An inscription in the Sun Temple at Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh mentions paithani weavers. The Maratha Peshwas had a special love for this fabric. The paithani was extremely popular during Peshwa rule in Maharashtra, a time when it received sustained royal patronage. (At this time, the yardage was also used for stitched garments). There are records of a Peshwa king in the seventeenth century asking his Prime Minister Nana Phadnavis to send him paithani garments and, in the nineteenth century, of the Nizam of Hyderabad ordering it for his wife.
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