Jewellery of Rajasthan

Jewellery of Rajasthan


Rajasthan is famous for all types of jewellery. It is especially rich in silver ornaments. Each part of Rajasthan is known for silver jewellery of its own distinct style. Jaipur is very well- known for high-quality enamelling work. The enamel colours derived from minerals are red, blue, white, black, green, yellow, and golden. Combinations of enamelling and kundan work are found in creatively crafted pieces of jewellery in Rajasthan. Kundan is a technique used for stone-setting in jewellery. The hollows in which the stones are to be set or encrusted are filled with gold of high purity. The setting is done with open lacy work and has an unusual mellow charm. Uncut stones are usually set in kundan style and this is done very skilfully in Rajasthan. Jewellery pieces have enamel work done on the back and have kundan-set gems in the front. Jaipur is known for its chaste enamel work which is also called as Cloisonne work. It is noted for its purity of colour and the evenness with which it is applied. The motifs are cut with delicacy and the figures are of birds, animals, landscapes, flowers, and esoteric symbols. Pratapgarh in Rajasthan has a type of quasi-enamelling called tewa, in which extremely fine gold work is done on the green enamel that forms the base. A lot of work in enamelling is also done in Nathdwara where silver or gilded metals are used. Enamel beads of scintillating colours make beautiful necklaces. Jaipur is an important centre for stone-cutting or lapidary work. Emeralds, rubies, sapphires and myriad other kinds of precious stones are cut and polished at Jaipur with great skill. Gold jewellery is an important and ancient craft in this region and is practised at Jaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, and Udaipur. German silver, lacquered and inlaid on wood, and, to a small extent, in leather, is also made in Rajasthan. Kundan jadai work is well-known in Rajasthan. In this work diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, and other precious stones are commonly used. Ancient jadai ornaments can still be seen in Shri Nath Ji temple, in the Tirupati Balaji temple, and in all Jain Temples. Engraving plays an important role in this craft.

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