Crewel Embroidery of Kashmir

Crewel Embroidery of Kashmir


Kashmiri embroidery, popularly known as Kashida, along with the Kashmiri carpet industry, is one of the biggest commercial crafts of India. Though the embroidery originated in the form of shawl ornamentation, it is now used to decorate a range of articles including yardage, home furnishings, jackets, coats, mufflers, jutis (leather footwear) etc.

Kashida has several forms

  • Zalakdozo (a chain stitch done with hook on almost every fabric from shawl to floor covering)
  • Suzni (only done on fine fabrics using three types of stitches. The embroidery is completely symmetrical on either ends of the fabric)
  • Vata chikan (buttonhole stitch used to cover large sections of the fabric. Landscapes and crowded scenes are commonly depicted)
  • Do-rookha (double sided work where both sides of the fabric are mirror images)
  • Amli (a new innovation in kani or jamevar shawl, delicate filling with stitches using multicoloured threads in elaborate all over patterns to enhance the fine layout of the kani).


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