Tribal Cotton Weaving of Nagaland


The hill tribes of north-east have been practising weaving since very old times. Loin loom or back strap loom called to be the oldest and simplest device used in the weaving of cloth is the common loom used by the tribes of Nagaland. The loom is adjustable to the body of the weaver and weaving is done without any mechanical adjustments.

Weaving is completely monopolised by the women of Nagaland. It is customary and a social obligation for every girl to learn weaving. Each Naga tribe has its own motif and design which forms its distinct identity. The cloth is warp dominant and the two colours specific to the textiles are red and black that emerge in lines on the white background. The loin loom consists of continuous warp stretched between two parallel bamboos with one end held at door or post and the other end converted into a strap held at the weaver's waist.

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