Decorative, colorful strings, knotted together into a woman's
braid or designed into hair buns, parandas form an important part of women'
attires in Punjab. The tassels are highly decorative: red is usually used for
brides, gold or silver for special occasions, and other colors to match the
everyday apparel. The Nala is the drawstring that holds up the lower garment at
the waist be it a†† salwaar, pajama/women
and menís loose pant or the ghaghra†
gathered skirt. They are elastic across their width and the net-like
surface is patterned with motifs.
nala and paranda were famous as they were more elaborate and made of fine resham,
silk, with decorative tassels that hung low and could be seen from under the
kameez, upper garment.
advent of factory made nala and paranda this was a household craft with every
woman twined, plaited and knitted her own and these skills were passed on from
mother to daughter. While techniques varied the nala were usually made by using
the sprang technique where a net-like structure was formed by twisting and
twining the wrap elements. Twists made at the top automatically formed at the
bottom till the rows meet. The ends were then knotted into either a round or square
knot called the harad† after the black
myrobalam as it resembled the fruit and then were plaited from the knot into
naliyan or fine braids.
basic tools of the adda/frame and karma -sticks this tradition continues in
Patiala where craftswomen from neighboring villages make and sell the handmade
nala to traders in the Quilla Chowk area of the city.
Share on Facebook