Nepal is famous for its finely woven pashmina shawls that are hand-made from the wool of the mountain goat or Capra hircus, which graze in the mountainous regions in altitudes ranging from 2,700 to 3,400 metres above sea level. In Nepal the shawls woven from the hair of this mountain goat are referred to as pashmina shawls, pashm being the Persian word for 'wool'. The warmest and most luxurious of animal fibres, the wool in its natural form is found in one of four colours: grey, white, black, and cream.
As pashmina shawls have become a major item of trade, hand-spun pashmina wool is being replaced by imported machine-spun yarn. This has discouraged local production, thus reducing opportunities for both employment and income.
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