In the villages a large number of artisans continue to use home-cured leather to stitch sturdy shoes or make attractive animal trappings. The water-carrier still uses a leather mashk to bring water from the well and where water to irrigate lands is drawn from wells the charas is quite commonly used. Leather is also used in the hookah bottle. In Peshwar and Rawalpindi, where most of the tongas/horse drawn carriages are painted and decorated with loving care, horse trappings are embroidered and studded with brass nails, strips and cut-out patterns.
Besides, leather artisans turn out travelling kits, belts, sword-sheaths, gun-cases, sports goods, ladies hand-bags, purses, pouches and whips in different shapes. Many of these items are decorated with, besides embroidered patterns, beads and appliqué work. Stool-sized leather cushions were quite popular till some time ago but now most people use leather for only the top of pirhis and moorhas.
A number of other leather goods are made from skins. There is a sizable production of shoes, hand-bags, pouches and wallets made of reptile skins. In these items, however, the craftsmen concentrate on experimenting with forms and little effort is made to interfere with the natural pattern on the skin. Another branch of craftsmen has taken to producing caps from Karakul skins, the most famous variety of which is called Jinnah Cap since it was adopted by the founder of the State, Quaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
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